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“她”与AI "TA" and AI

· Past events

很多使用IOS操作系统的朋友都会做一件事情,那就是用语音唤醒Siri,要她帮你拨打电话,要她帮你查看时间,要她帮你打开APP。在这些习以为常的事情背后,你有没有思考过,Siri为什么是女声呢?为什么我们都把Siri默认为她?
Siri, the voice-activated intelligent personal assistant for IOS users, makes our life easier. It can help you make phone calls, check the time or even open an app. Have you ever wondered why the default voice for Siri is a female voice? Why do we assume it to be a her?
而Siri并不是现实生活里唯一的AI被性别分类的例子。如果留心观察我们就会发现,AI的世界其实同现实世界并无太大差异,像Siri,小爱同学,甚至餐厅里的服务员机器人,它们的默认性别都是她,而那些先进的,灵活的工业机器人,外表大多都是粗犷的,也会有个男性化的名字。
Like Siri, cases in which AI are assigned a gender follow the same gender norms as real life. The AI serving as assistants such as Siri, Xiaoai and waiter robots usually share the default gender of "her" whereas those industrial robots with advanced technology and high flexibility most of which are rough in appearance, have a masculine name.

要用一句话来解释这些现象背后的原因,那应该是:技术本身是没有性别的,但是技术从业者有,以下是一些来自网络的数据。
The reason behind these phenomena is the gender imbalance in the technology field: Technology itself has no gender, but technology practitioners do. Check the data below:

目前,全球最顶级的AI学术会议上,参加的女作者只占了18%;全球AI领域教授中,女性只占了20%;而在Facebook和Google两家科技巨头的AI研究团队中,女性的比例分别只占到了15%和10%。
At present, only 18% of the world's top AI academic conference participants are female authors; only 20% of professors in the field of global AI are female. In the AI research teams of two tech giants, Facebook and Google, women accounted for only 15% and 10%, respectively.

AI作为一种尖端技术影响着我们的生活和人类未来的发展方向,亦或者说,AI本身的形态影响着AI主导下的社会形态,因此,即便AI目前还是一个小圈子里的游戏,但是这个小圈子里的性别不平衡会投射到现在和未来社会生活的方方面面。
AI, the cutting-edge technology that will impact the future development trends of human beings, is already beginning to a have a great impact on our life. Society is influenced (and will ultimately be dominated) by AI, so the way that AI is presented (including the gender assigned to an AI) affects people's mindset.

虽然全球的人类大多在AI上受益,但AI也有它黑暗的一面,而女性和儿童占据其受害者的绝大多数。如利用人工智能达成的网络及线下犯罪,人口贩卖,隐私泄露,财产侵害等等。
Although most people around the world benefit from AI, the technology also has its dark side, and women and children account for the vast majority of its victims. Artificial intelligence has been used to commit offline crime, human trafficking, privacy leakage, property infringement and so on.
前两年大热的电影《她》,里面有男主角把他的人工智能助手当作性幻想对象的桥段,虽然这部电影把这些片段处理地相当有艺术美感,但这些桥段以及许许多多影视作品里相似的片段中隐含的AI世界性别歧视的表征,已经足以对我们形成警示。
In the popular film "Her", the protagonist uses his artificial intelligence assistant as a sexual fantasy object. Although this movie portrays these clips in an artistic manner, the underlying mindset behind this plot, one that also appears in many other works, should be seen as an alert.
那我们如何做呢?如何让她、她们都参与到AI这个伟大的事业中去呢?如何让“她”在AI的世界里也拥有力量呢?有太多的事情需要做,而现在能做的,一是提升女性的科技意识,二是加强女性的科技教育,三是促进并帮助越来越多的女性进入科技行业。
How can we address such issues? How can we increase women's participation in AI? What should we do to empower "her" in the AI world? Achieving that goal requires great effort and long-term action, but we could start with three things: raising women‘s awareness of technology, investing in technology-related education for females, and encouraging women’s participation in the field of technology.

AI,并不神秘,可以这么说,每一个人,学习一定的专业知识之后,都可以具备开发AI的能力,大家一起行动起来吧,让“她”在AI的世界里,也能有价值。
AI is not mysterious. After acquiring professional knowledge, anyone of any gender can contribute to AI development. Let's work together to make "her" valuable in the world of AI.

这三年,Ladies Who Tech也在技术赋能女性的工作上做了很多事情,从学校开始,让女孩们更多地参与到机械,编程等活动里来,让女性能突破世俗的观念,选择理工科作为自己的专业,并且也愿意在从事相关的工作,道路长远,需要每个人的努力,正如李飞飞博士和梅琳达.盖茨女士认为的那样:没有女性参与的AI研究终将走向偏见。“科技不分性别。”
In the past three years, Ladies Who Tech has been taking action to inspire and encourage women to go into STEM. We want more women to participate in engineering and coding events, so that they could break the stereotype and study and work in STEM-related fields. It's a challenging journey to achieve gender equity, one that requires everyone's contribution. As Dr. Li Feifei and Ms. Melinda Gates believe, AI research without women will eventually lead to prejudice. “Tech Has No Gender.”

Follow us, click here. 跟随我们,请关注微信公众号:ladieswhotech。

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